With over 100 species, garden orb weaving spiders are a fascinating group in various sizes, shapes, and colours. Even within a single species, there can be regional variations, some of which are only found in specific coastal areas of Australia.
Thanks to their adaptability, these spiders are common in many areas. They offer a visually stunning experience while appearing fragile and elegant.
Garden orb weaving spiders are typically stout, brown, or grey spiders with a distinctive leaf-shaped pattern on their roughly triangular abdomens. Some species may also have a white or brown dorsal stripe bordered by white. These spiders are known for their large, colourful webs in gardens and shrubs.
Due to their size, unique markings, and intricate webs, garden orb weaving spiders are easily recognisable and add a distinctive touch to any garden space. Their presence is often evident through the presence of their webs.
Garden orb weaving spiders hunt by building webs between trees and shrubs to capture flying insects. When an insect gets trapped in their web, it triggers a vibration that causes the spider to quickly wrap the prey in silk, bite it, and wait for it to die before consuming it.
If these spiders capture many insects, they may release large insects that can cause damage to their web.
Garden orb weaving spiders are generally not aggressive towards humans and are reluctant to bite. Still, they may bite if they feel threatened.
When bitten, mild local pain, numbness, and swelling may occur on the bite site, which typically subsides over time.
In rare cases, a bite may cause nausea and dizziness. If these signs continue or worsen, it is essential to seek medical attention.
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